Conscience is the Failure of the Faculty of Law
Without intending to interfere further the curriculum of the Faculty of Law, basically the objective of the study of jurisprudence is a method which is usually interpreted as a written or unwritten rule that regulates how the human should do or not do so that its interests are protected from harassment or attack.
Rule is an objective view of society about what should be done or not done. Therefore, what is studied in the Faculty of Law is essentially a law that covers legal principles, legal rules in the strict sense (norm) and concrete law rules. Because the rule of law in the broad sense is related to each other and constitutes a system, then the legal system is also the target of the study of jurisprudence.
In addition to the legal and legal system of the study of law, there is the discovery of the law because the law is incomplete and unclear as it is known by the principle of Rechtswergering associated with the principle of Ius Curia Novit that a judge is prohibited from refusing a case brought to him under the pretext of the law. The law is incomplete or unclear, so it is necessary to seek and find the law, therefore it is necessary to study the method or way of finding the law.
Mastery of the objectives of the study of law science should be used in solving legal problems, because the principle purpose of studying law is to solve legal problems that occur in society so as to achieve order and peace in society. The failure of a graduate of the Faculty of Law in solving legal problems is often considered to cause new legal problems, such as in the “Radju Cases”, “Prita Cases” and “Coin Case Cases” precisely because of the output of the current Faculty of Law; More due to lack of mastery of the objectives of the study of law.
Competencies to Solve Legal Problems
Studying the law is not only able to know the sound of all the contents of the legislation. People often mean that studying at the Faculty of Law is to know the law which means to be able to memorize all the sounds of the articles in the legislation. If you only want to know the law, such as the Traffic Act, simply buy the law, then read at home, done. No need to spend long years and fees to study at the Faculty of Law.
Before the eighties, learning law was defined as an attempt to understand how to enforce the law in case of lawlessness. Not surprisingly, if Noll a legal expert believes that the science of law is the science of justice (rechtspraak wetenschap) means the study of law seen from the eyes of judges that basically contains at least three characteristics, namely: a. Related to legal event (conflict), b. The application of a norm or a rule (rule of law); and c. Resolving a conflict. “A further development in the study of law is gaining the ability to predict the likelihood of future conflicts in the event of a legal event.
Having mastered the aims of the study of law science, it is expected that a law degree master the power of legal problem solving. By mastering the ability to solve the problem, a legal scholar is able to legalize the problem (legal problem identification) in the sense of being able to separate the legal issues with other social problems such as economics, politics and so on, because in principle only legal problems can be solved by the science of law. Impossible if legal issues are solved with political science or economics. This identification capability is very important, because identification errors can cause new problems. Often in practice, legal issues are solved with politics or economics so that the settlement of legal matters is not complete.
Once the event is identified as a legal matter, concrete events will be qualified to be a legal event, to be sought for further legal problem solving through written law. This has something to do with the continental legal system or the legal codification system adopted by our country that bases the law on written laws. Then after the solution is found, it is given the law, or its right, by deciding the decision (decision making).
Competency-based curriculum is not wrong if the competence of the ability to solve legal problems have been mastered by prospective graduates of law faculty. In the Law Science Consortium formulated the general objective of legal education is to produce law graduates who are able to resolve legal issues in their social context. The fundamental thing is that the objectives of the study of law must be fully …
Not always life is running smoothly. Sometimes meet legal problems, stumble, and deal with judicial authorities at all levels. When this happens then the real friend is the lawyer, the family, and the caring friends. How is the trick of getting a good lawyer, not a mafia lawyer a trickster and a bribe?
If the (potential) native client is evil and the bribe gets ingrained then the right lawyer is a thief attorney as well. Lawyers with a legal anti-mafia integrity will not match this model’s clients. Some firm lawyers will fire their clients if they get bribed by law enforcement. Therefore, make sure what type you and your lawyer type is.
On the contrary, if we ourselves are the ones who put honesty and care about the fate of the state, automatic anti-bribery and anti-bribery, then the choice of anti-bribery and anti-bribery lawyers is a necessity. Mafia lawyers not to defend the case but rather to occupy the aliens alias reported to the police.
There is a typical mafia lawyer in terms of verbal communication with (prospective) clients. Among other things, likes to charge the cost of the client that he said to the police so many dollars / dollars, for prosecutors such as dollars / dollars, for the judge of dollars / dollars, and for himself so many dollars / dollar. Beware if you meet a lawyer of this type. Because paying the police, prosecutors and judges is the same as a bribe. The criminal trial is free. New civil war pay, and even then must be official and receipt.
Therefore, it is important to recognize the type of lawyer. Apart from the verbal language and body language — this is the first time you meet — looking for recommendations from friends or family who know the lawyer well is worth considering. A friend or family is likely to recommend a good, expertly skilled lawyer for the case his family / friend is facing. And lawyers will tend to shrink and restrain themselves if there is a recommendation, especially if this recommendation is a friend of the lawyer as well.
Mafia lawyers instead of taking care of things well have the potential to create new cases. It should be that only one case is finally multiplied to become another matter: bribery, bribery, gratification, etc.
The dogs tend to get together with their fellow dogs. Likewise, mafia lawyers tend to be friends with fellow mobsters. Conversely good lawyers also tend to be friends with fellow lawyers or lawyers are good too. From here it can also be a source to recognize the moral qualities of a lawyer.
A good lawyer never hesitates to sign a contract with his / her clients to clear their rights and obligations. While other lawyers do not want to do the same, this is fine. In other situations, however, there are lawyers who take advantage of the absence of a contract to be able to ask for money at any time, regardless and for whatever reason. The term, his client is highlighted continuously without certainty and clear limits.
After the introduction of the personal integrity of the attorney, then the next step ensures that the lawyer is expert in the field of the case to be handled. Law is so complex from day to day the birth of new rules and new theories are dynamics with the field situation. Expert lawyers will know and explore to the level of philosophy of a field of law that he mastered.
The rest, both parties (clients and lawyers) each must know and realize the tasks of each. The Client provides evidence and funding a case. While the lawyer attempted to take care of the case or accompany the suspect (in a criminal case). Do not pretend lawyers can certainly free the suspect / defendant because that will free the defendant is a judge, so not a lawyer’s job. The attorney’s job is to seek.
Therefore, a good lawyer will never promise the certainty of winning over his client. Not only because such promises violate professional ethics, but also because the decision of a case is the duty of a judge. However, the role of lawyer is vital to bringing the law from the client’s perspective.
The analogy is like a doctor. Doctors seek to treat the patient, but the one who determines healing is God. Same with lawyers. The lawyer attempts to take care of the case or accompany his client, which determines win or lose is a judge. Judge is the representative of God on earth.
If the judge has disconnected a case and the verdict has a permanent legal force then all the debates must end and disappointment should be dashed. This is the relative justice that the judge has decided upon. Absolute justice is …
Important Things To Know About Whistleblower Protection Law
It was in the year 1986 where the law protecting whistleblower is made, congress has added the anti-retaliation protection laws to the existing false claims act that has been passed in the past decades. A whistleblower is a type of person that tells on something he beleves to be an illegal act, the employees are the usually known whistleblower and they tell on their employers that they suspect to be an illegal act. Under the law which protect whistleblowers, the employees must not be discharged, denoted, suspended, threatened or harassed in any form which discriminates the terms and conditions of their employment.
Reporting illegal acts that are only within the company is a ground for exemption, but there are still various public policies that can protect the employees from retaliation from the company they are reporting. If it gets to turn out that an employer did not actually break the law, the employer is still entitled to the whistle blower protection from retaliation if they mostly believe that the employer has committed an illegal act. The whistleblower protection law does not cover employer retaliation for complaints about personal hate, the office polices is not be utilized as a basis for filing a complaint against the employer and use the law for personal gain.
For for the employee to be protected from employer retaliation, the company needs to have a suspected desecration of any Federal law but the violation must have provisions which the law violated can protect whistleblowers. The whistleblower federal law which is not like false claims act can allow the whistleblower to file a lawsuit in a federal court and the law does not permit the whistle blower to go to the court in a direct manner.
The people that are concerned are mostly being pursued in an administrative way, these individuals concerned would file a complaint or charge to retaliate with or without a lawyer to represent them. But when the case could not get resolved in an immediate way, the administrative law judge would then preside over the only evidentiary hearing that can easily take place during their court hearing.
The whistleblower must not attempt to delay any kind of investigation of the possible legal answers, to maintain this kind of ruling the retaliation needs to be brought to the overall attention of the right government official. If they could not do this then the complaint would not be pursued, there are large number of countries that have their own whistleblower laws and people need to look for a lawyer that specializes in these kinds of laws in order to file their complaints about their employers.
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Nowadays, almost all businesses have websites, this is, therefore, a means to which you can end up ascertaining that you do know of some ways through which you can get to the clients, with a website, you do end up finding that a business can get to know of some of the beneficial means through which it can get to succeed, meaning that communication with the clients will be amongst the things which might get to happen.
Therefore, when getting to come up with a website, it would be best getting to consider the users, meaning that you can get to have everything that they would need in mind, this will ascertain that in the long run, you can know of all that would work best, meaning that you do get to develop a website which will establish that in no time, you do attain everything that would work to your advantage.
Therefore, you will find that it will all get to depend on the aspect of the business, for a firm, you do find that most people who might get to look for one would like to have some direct information, which means that it should be simple, this will make it simpler or easier for the audience to find all that they would need; nonetheless, everyone can end up being alleviated, meaning that you all will be assuaged.
Likewise, it would also get to work better when you remain within the context, this will get to mean that it would be better getting to make the website remain relevant, this can be achieved by establishing that the clients can always get to know of all the services which they can get to attain through the website, thus making it easier for them to determine what they would need.
Furthermore, you will perceive that it will be better getting to introduce or even orientate everyone who gets to log into the website, this can be something which can get to be achieved when using a video since you will be able to ascertain that it can get to be short and precise, nonetheless, it will be something which will end up being simple, meaning that you can eventually know of all that would work best at all times.
When doing all this, you do find that you end up having some better chances through which you can attract more and more clients to the website, which will be a better method through which you will end up attaining some growth, nonetheless, you will also authenticate that you can comprehend or apprehend of all that would work best, which will mean that you can end up being alleviated, thus attaining some value for your money.…
Some Tips on Having a Safe Road Trip
Having a road tour is something that will excite your family members. This is a common thing in many families across the world.You may choose to visit different places in your country and this is alright since you have many choices to spoil your family. It is not that expensive and it will leave you looking forward for more fun.Before you start the journey, it is necessary that you plan for everything in advance. The following are some guidelines to help you have a safe and fun trip with your family.
It is important that you ensure that everything is set before you travel. You should begin by having the insurance policies up to date, make the required payments and also ensure it is the appropriate one for your safety. You should have contacts of your personal injury attorney to help you when you have any need related to their work. Your vehicle should be in excellent condition before you leave your place. Sometimes you may need to involve a specialist in case you are not sure on how to do the mechanical inspection.It is also here that you will need to check the pressure of your tire.You should make sure they are no leaks on them.This is important for you never know if the weather will change while on the road.
The state of the car’s battery should be great. It is not right to take the trip without checking the battery. It is advisable to allow a professional to inspect the battery. One should be quick to find out more on the lights and brakes. Make it your mission to ensure they are working as expected. It is at this period that all the repairs and maintenance should be done. If you are choosing to go on a long journey, you should be ready to have valuable tools.This means that you should have an emergency kit in your car’s trunk.It should have wheel jack, socket wrenches, jumper heads, and other necessary tools.
All the relevant contacts should be on a speed dial mode.This could be contact of your close friend that will be contacted in case of anything.If you want to have fun, you should keep the trip simple. Just let things flow and you will enjoy every moment of your trip.It is vital to carry essential items like healthy snacks and water. Find some good entertainment things for everyone to be excited. All your workload and stress should be left at home. Remember to free yourself from the stress and things will go as planned. If you choose to follow the advice, your trip will be something to remember for many years.…
Issues you must Know about Court-Room Discrimination
You will find much announcement featured in the national media broadcasters about courtroom discrimination, and there are various laws forbidding it. However, very few people can admit witnessing discrimination in the court, outside newspaper and Tv reports. Because of this explanation, the issues of court elegance are dismissed with disbelief and the idea that those people who have knowledge courtroom discrimination are utilizing the explanation or battle to acquire ahead. However, this is far from the truth, with racial and cultural discrimination, stereotyping included, happens more often in the courtrooms and the justice system as a whole. In an effort to understand the whole issue of courtroom discrimination, you need to consider the following things.
It’s wise to look at social bias and past programming like a doorway for courtroom discrimination. According to renown lawyers in the field of law, most judges who are guilty of court discrimination are not aware of that they are bending the law. Obviously, they’ve been conditioned to consider in a certain way concerning the low-class people in the society. In the past couple of years, elegance was the order of the afternoon, it thus, is quite feasible to possess many people together with the same way of thinking as the individuals of that technology. In most cases, the cases of racial unfairness as well as other types of elegance while in the court room can be as due to the childhood of the judge.
Occasionally, there’s justification of discrimination by quoting cultural tendencies and statistics that simply help discrimination. Many discriminators will not think of themselves as racists, despite the fact that they might be very unfair and harsh to any person of color or those not in a position to pay fines and any other court fee. They hold a thought that if the people aren’t extensively punished, then they will not understand their session. This is even worsened by popular rhetoric’s like, since most crimes are committed by minorities, we have a right to stereotype them. This forms of viewpoint fuels discrimination, equally in the courtroom and out from the courtroom. It is incredibly sad these sort of cases will never be seen or reviewed because those discriminated tend to be afflicted by tough treatment.
The fact the previous generation might still be in power and might play a big part in propagating discrimination against a given class of individuals. The older technology might have been used-to the idea of segregation within regulations, thus exercise it as a means of living. This therefore, means that it might take longer than perceived to achieve low levels of discrimination.…
Your child getting an injury is something that every parent does not want to happen. Even so, there are just bad things waiting to happen, and if this involves your child, then you better be prepared beforehand. Injuries have different causes as well as can take place in any type of environment. Your child may be injured at the park, at school, or even just at your home. If you are more than prepared with the worst that can happen to your child, then you are all the more prepared to get through this situation. Moreover, you do not also suffer from too much stress which is a good thing as it helps keep your child calm as well as make them recover earlier than expected. Here you will find a list of things that you can prepare yourself to do in case your child gets injured.
Tip #1: Get some first aid lessons
If you are a parent, it is best that you know a lot about basic first aid in case you get in a situation where there are injuries or accidents happening. If you are both knowledgeable and skilled in looking after an injury when you are still waiting for emergency personnel to arrive, then you are more in control of the current situation that you are in. Once you have control of the situation, then there is no more reason for you to panic unlike when you do not know anything about first aid. It is not that hard to be signing up for basic first aid training lessons because a lot of centers are offering them and will give you a certificate after. If your time does not permit you to, you can always conveniently get free online first aid guides and tutorials with the aid of the internet.
Tip #2: Taking hospital visits
Common injuries during childhood such as cuts, bruises, and scrapes can be easily taken care of with the help of a band-aid, some antiseptic solution, and parental love. Yet, you are required to take your child to the hospital if he or she sustains an injury that is serious. One example will be when your child will break their bone, then before any cast will be placed on it, it is vital to check it on an x-ray and then have it examined by the doctor. It cannot be denied that your child will feel not only frightened but also stressed out when they are faced with such a situation. The most appropriate thing that you can to is to stay as calm as you can because if your child observes that you are stressed, then they will also be very worried.
Tip #3: Making your claim
Making a claim is what you should do if the injury that your child sustained was caused by another person. Make sure to hire a good personal injury lawyer if you want the court of law to be in favor of the claim you are making.…
For people with mental illness, the subject of how to make life easier despite the fact that they are diagnosed with such illness has been a challenged for them ever since. Mental illness is something that makes a person diagnosed with it feel like they are living in a world separated from the reality that majority of the people have been exposed to. It meant that you differ. Mental illness causes the person to experience isolation from the rest of the world.
this type of illness should be taken seriously and anyone diagnosed with it must be given the same level of seriousness. Mental illness can change their life since it limits them from going on with their usual daily activities.
But the good thing is that you do not need to suffer in silence, being all alone in your daily life struggles. There are actually a number of ways to make your daily life much better even if you have to deal with mental illness everyday.
To make it easier for you, we have provided some things below that you can do to make living better.
There are some people who think that they have mental illness even if they don’t. Before getting anxious of having mental illness, please do confirm first if you do have one. First, look for symptoms that appear in people with mental illness and go to a doctor to confirm if you do have the illness. Keep in mind that it’s better to be tested for mental illness now than saving it later so to be alarmed in case you are really experiencing a mental illness.
Maintaining your Privacy
It is note easy for people diagnosed with mental illness to share their story. It is very personal to a person that it takes a lot of faith and courage to talk it out. But despite that, there is always that one or more persons that are close enough for you to open up. Managing adjustments to make you feel comfortable and secure is what people can do for you if they truly care.
Taking things into account
Do not dwell too much on a situation that bothers you too much. Take a step back and give yourself time to understand the whole issue. Do not be too harsh on yourself.
You will surely have some important people in your life that you will meet for a working relationship so keep he trust and let them know of your situation. Imagine working with a personal defense attorney for example. When you find yourself needing one find an attorney who provides free consultations. This can give way to a personal meet-up and through that you can be sure that this person can help you.…
The Tips to Pass a Lie Detector Test
If you are afraid of getting that detector test you have been asked for, you need to know it is very normal. Being afraid of the test is a normal thing for all individuals, and there is nothing to mind about. Do you know deep down that you have nothing but the truth? That is not enough to prove your innocence though. Remember that these devices are human made. Thus, they are prone to make any errors. Telling what you know is the bare truth makes no sense to an error prone device. The truth is that you might be that honest person and still test positive to lie.
Use the tips provided in this article to answer all your questions correctly by proving truthfulness. When you are undergoing the test, ensure that you toss the control question. When you pass the control questions, then it means that you are likely to pass the rest of the test. When you reach the beginning of the progress that is when such questions are asked. Only the usual questions will be given to your and not the complex ones, and that is why you should not worry. You need to be aware of what the tester is called and also what the date is. If you fail on this, then it means that you might not make it through with the rest.
Stabilizing your breathing is the best thing you can do when you are put on this test. This should be your second consideration after having succeeded with the control questions. Answering everything right starts by you being able to control your breathing rate to where it should be under normal circumstances. It is not that difficult to determine whether you are breathing correctly because you can count the inhales and exhales. The high your breathing rate, the worst it is when you are undergoing the test.
The other technique you need to use is stress increase your stress levels. By adjusting the levels, you will make the device to get more and more confused and make it hard to know the truth. Once the increasing stress start interfering, they tilting of the results starts taking place immediately. This is not the time to worry about avoiding to get annoyed for the health benefits; you need to get annoyed very fast. When you show some confused feelings, the more the detector gets confused on whether you are honest or not. When you are on the truthful side, there is no way you would mind about winning in that test because you are so sure about yourself. …